Kirkwood traces its beginnings to residential development begun as early as the 1870s. While no one would consider Kirkwood a suburb of Atlanta today, an early tour book described it as an “area of beautiful suburban villas.” Kirkwood was an early streetcar suburb to Atlanta. By 1910 streetcars provided express service to and from Atlanta three times daily, and street cars continued service along some streets including Kirkwood Road until the early 1950’s. While rich in history, Kirkwood’s rise, its fall into decline, and its recent arrival again as a neighborhood attractive to middle and upper-middle income homeowners illustrate how economic, racial and social forces have shaped this historic inner-city community and many others like it. As the city expands, the Kirkwood neighborhood area will only become more desirable.